Meaning “mountain of light” in Persian, this 105.602 carats diamond of finest white. There are many stories which claim that Britain stole the diamond for India, this particular stone continues to be one of the most famous and controversial diamonds in the world. Since the time it was discovered in the Kollur mines of Andhra Pradesh, the stone has been stolen and passed from generations to generations among various Indian, Persian, and British dynasty. The Koh-i-noor became part of the Crown Jewels after Queen Victoria died and it is London as a part of the royal treasure.
Koh-i-noor has a curse on it which says, “He who owns this diamond will own the world, but will also know all its misfortunes. Only God, or a woman, can wear it with impunity”.
With the colour "of the first water", the Regent was also found in one of the Kollur mines in Andhra Pradesh. The stone weighed 426 carats before it was sent to England to be cut and polished, and reduced to 140.64 carats. The Regent was stolen by a slave and later acquired by a British officer. It was set in the Crown for Louis XV and Louise XVI, Napoleon Bonaparte set it into his two edged sword, and presently it is on display in the Louvre Museum, Paris.
The Regent is considered to be practically flawless which is very rare but highly desirable for a stone to be.
The name which means “Ocean of Light” is self-explanatory. Precious and by far the largest pink diamond in existence, Darya-i-noor weighs 186 carats. The stone was discovered at India’s Golconda mines and originally weighed 400 carats. Persia's Nader Shah invaded India and plundered precious treasure. Darya-i-noor also went away to become property of Persia's successive rulers. It is now on display at the Central Bank of Iran in Tehran.
Nasser-ed-Din Shah inherited the Darya-i-Noor and had it mounted in a frame crafted from 457 smaller diamonds and four rubies, crowned by the Imperial Government's lion and sun insignia.
Again a precious finding of Kollur mines, the Hope Diamond weighs 45.52 carats. GIA attributed an intriguing ‘fancy dark grayish blue’ colour to it. The diamond has had a chain of owners including the French royalty. Presently, it is on exhibition at Washington’s National Museum of Natural History.
The Hope Diamond believed to be highly unlucky to its owners. A number of past owners died, murdered, or executed brutally. Some people call it an advertising stunt to arise curiosity; however, it has made Hope Diamond one of the most popular diamonds in the world.
Rich and blessed Kollur mines gave another precious gem to the world, and this time it was in green colour. Awestruck by the beauty and shine of this stone, Frederick Augustus II – Duke of Saxony, named it on the capital city of Saxony in Germany. The stone is supposed to be the largest and finest among green diamonds and weighs 40.70 carats.
GIA has categorized this diamond of exceptional quality, and assigned a clarity grade of VS-1, with a potential of reaching grade IF (internally flawless).